The Personal Savings Allowance
Find out how the Personal Savings Allowance affects the way you receive interest on your savings.
What is the Personal Savings Allowance?
Depending on your tax bracket, your Personal Savings Allowance allows you to save up to £1,000 a year in tax-free interest. It’s not to be confused with your Personal Allowance, which is the amount of tax-free income you can receive each year.
What is the benefit of a Personal Savings Allowance?
The Personal Savings Allowance was introduced in April 2016, and consequently, many UK taxpayers no longer pay tax on their annual savings. Previously, banks and building societies could deduct tax from your savings account interest. What’s more, if you qualified for tax-free interest, you had to inform your bank or building society of this . So, in principle, this tax-free savings allowance is a useful tool in your savings armoury (source: Gov.UK).
How the Personal Savings Allowance works
If you’re a basic rate taxpayer you can earn up to £1,000 a year in interest without having to pay any tax, or £500 if you’re a higher rate taxpayer. Additional rate tax payers don’t receive any allowance at all.
But how is your savings allowance income defined? Your ‘savings income’ includes account interest from the following:
- Bank and building society accounts
- Accounts with credit unions or National Savings and Investments
- Annuity payments you’ve purchased
- Government or company bond income
- Interest distributions from authorised units, but not dividends.
As we will explore, your cash ISA interest does not count towards your Personal Savings Allowance, as these savings are already tax-free.
Basic rate tax payer (20%)
You keep £1,160 of interest earned
Higher rate tax payer (40%)
You keep £920 of interest earned
Please note these are only examples and you should refer to HMRC if you are unsure of your personal tax position. You can visit the HMRC website to find out more.
How does the Personal Savings Allowance affect me?
The table below shows how the Personal Savings Allowance affects your savings potential:
|Your tax bracket||Personal Savings Allowance|
|Basic rate (20%)||Up to £1,000|
|Higher rate (40%)||Up to £500|
|Additional rate (45%)||Zero|